Why Do People Choose Lead-Acid Batteries Despite Lithium Batteries Being More Durable?

Batteries are one of the three major components of electric vehicles, and their price accounts for approximately 30% of the total cost. Therefore, battery selection is of great importance to vehicle owners. Despite the rapid development of lithium batteries in recent years, driven by the introduction of new national standards for electric vehicles aimed at reducing weight, many vehicle owners still opt for lead-acid batteries. This raises the question: why do more people choose lead-acid batteries when lithium batteries are known to be more durable? There are three significant reasons that cannot be overlooked.

Affordability: Lead-acid batteries are cheaper.

The cost of lead-acid batteries is significantly lower compared to lithium batteries. This price difference arises from the manufacturing process, which reduces the production cost of lead-acid batteries. Additionally, lead-acid batteries have recycling value, allowing owners to receive some compensation when replacing them. On the other hand, lithium batteries have no recycling value and require full replacement, contributing to the overall cheaper price of lead-acid batteries.

zospower High-Performance Lead-acid batteries
Why Do People Choose Lead-Acid Batteries Despite Lithium Batteries Being More Durable? 3

Safety: Lead-acid batteries are considered safer.

Lead-acid batteries have lower energy density, making them more stable. Even during extended periods of charging and overheating, lead-acid batteries do not explode, at most experiencing swelling and deformation. In contrast, lithium batteries have higher energy density and lithium ions are highly reactive. This poses a safety hazard, as collisions or excessive heat can lead to lithium battery combustion. Despite being aware of the superior durability of lithium batteries, many people still choose lead-acid batteries due to safety concerns.

Market Penetration: Lead-acid batteries dominate the electric vehicle market.

Lead-acid batteries have a long history of development, and they have become widely adopted in various industries. In the electric vehicle sector, approximately 70% of vehicles still use lead-acid batteries. Consequently, when it comes to battery replacement, users of lead-acid battery-powered vehicles often continue to choose lead-acid batteries, while only those with prior experience using lithium batteries opt for lithium battery replacement. The significant number of vehicles already using lead-acid batteries results in a larger demand for lead-acid battery replacements.

Although lithium batteries have their advantages, such as longer lifespan and greater range, the higher cost and associated safety concerns lead many users to opt for the stability and affordability of lead-acid batteries. Additionally, the large existing user base of lead-acid batteries reinforces the preference for lead-acid battery replacements among vehicle owners.